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Excursions Daguerriennes. Vues et Monuments les plus remarquables du Globe.

Author: Lerebours a.o.
Year: 1842
Edition: First edition
Publisher: Paris; Lerebours
Category: Travel & Exploration

Complete in two volumes, but a married set, bound in different, contemporary cloth, oblong folio., unpaginated but collation below. Together 112 plates, printed on Chine collé (India paper) and mounted on heavy paper.

Volume I in original red blindstamped cloth with the covers rather soiled and with edgewear along the spine, mount size: 245 x 345 mm. Later endpapers, most likely because this copy has been recased. The endpapers match the original ones in colour and tone. A title page, followed by the plates with the descriptive letterpress.
The plates (in both volumes) overall very clean and occasionally some very light foxing on the mounts. All 60 plates, originally published in 15 installments containing 4 plates each, protected with tissue guards.
In the lower left part of each plate the name of the printing firm "Rittner et Goupil" is printed.
Lacking the list of illustrations and one leaf (= two textpages), accompanying one plate. See below. A few of the textpages browned, however, without affecting the legibility.

Volume II bound in gilt lined morocco over brown cloth with a gilt ornament in the centre of front - and back board with marbled endpapers, mount size: 258 x 385 mm. The spine richly gilt. All edges gilt of this volume. The extremities a bit rubbed and some foxing on the mounts. Half title only as usual, followed by the list of plates and the plates with the descriptive letterpress.
In the lower left part of each plate the name of the printing firm "Goupil et Vibert" is printed.
The 52 plates in this volume are not protected with tissue guards. Volume II contains 2 of the 3 known Fizeau plates, viz. the plate of "L'Hotel-de-Ville de Paris" and the plate "Maison Élevée Rue St. Georges". The latter plate is missing in most copies, while the less rare third plate "Bas-relief au Portail Nord de Notre-Dame" is missing in our copy.

The importance of this book lies in its plates. In 1839 the Daguerreotype was introduced and for the first time in history images could be recorded from reality directly onto a metallic plate. This process was far more accurate of course than the drawings made on the spot, the only possible method till then. Lerebours, an optician from Paris, had a keen interest in the daguerreotype process. He was one of the first to understand the immense importance of this process for publishing purposes and took on to publish a book with the worlds known most importants monuments and landscapes at the time, like the ancient temples of Greece and the Niagara Falls. They all can be found here. There was no practical solution yet (1841-1842) to reproduce the photographs directly to paper, so that Lerebours had these pictures engraved after the daguerreotypes to have them printed, with the exception of the 3 Fizeau plates which, due to the process invented by him, could be transferred directly from the plates to paper and thus are of the greatest importance.

One of the problems with early photography was the long exposure time required; living objects like people, animals and birds could not be captured. Lerebours solved this by adding figures to the engravings to make them livelier. Despite that, it is generally accepted that on publication in 1840 - 1842 these plates were the most accurate to date. Details ignored or omitted by many draftsman till then suddenly, sometimes painfully, became visible. As such this is an extremely important book in the history of publishing.

Each plate is accompanied by 2 - 4 pages of letterpress, written by various experts on the subject shown in the respective plate.

Collation for Volume I, with in square brackets the index numbers as per the list of illustrations, which is missing in this volume but has been taken from the BnF copy. In brackets the number of textpages accompanying each plate and in braces the names of the engravers. The text for plate no. 7 of volume I in our copy is missing; the rest of the textpages is complete.

01    [01]  Grande Mosquée à Alger (2); {Callow}
02    [24]  Maison de Longwood [St. Hélène] (2); {Thiénon}            
03    [02]  Hôtel de ville de Bréme (2); {Hürlimann}              
04    [03]  Niagara (2); {Salathé}                  
05    [04]  Saint Paul à Londres (2); {Salathé}              
06    [05]  Colonne de Pompée (2);  {Martens}              
07    [06]  Harem de Méhémet-Ali à Alexandrie (0); {Weber}   (¹)    
08    [07]  Louqsor (2); {Martens}                 
09    [08]  Pyramide de Cheops (4); {Riffaut}
10    [49]  Temple Hypèthre. Dans l'Ile de Philæ (3 + 1 blank); {Bishop & Weber}           
11    [09]  La vallée des Tombeaux (2); {Salathé}                  
12    [10]  Alcazar de Séville (2); {Riffaut}               
13    [11]  Alhambra (2); {Salathé}                   
14    [12]  Grenade (2); {Salathé}                    
15    [16]  Arc-de-Triomphe d'Orange (2); {Hürlimann}           
16    [13]  Les Arènes à Nimes (3 + 1 blank); {Himely}           
17    [14]  Maison Carée à Nimes (2); {Callow}               
18    [15]  La Tour magne à Nimes (2); {N.P. Lerebours}              
19    [17]  La Colonne de Juillet (2); {Hürlimann}               
20    [20]  Vue prise de Pont Neuf à Paris (2); {Martens}           
21    [19]  Porte Laterale de Notre Dame à Paris (2); {Himely}       
22    [18]  St. Germain l'Auxerrois à Paris (3 + 1 blank); {Hürlimann}       
23    [21]  L'Acropolis à Athène (2); {Appert}               
24    [22]  Le Parthénon à Athène (2); {Martens}               
25    [23]  Les Propylées à Athène (2); {Riffaut}               
26    [32]  Arc de Constantin à Rome (2); {Himely}           
27    [33]  L'Arc de Titus à Rome (2); {Callow}               
28    [34]  Les Cascades de Tivoli (2); {Salathé}               
29    [36]  Colonne Trajane à Rome (2); {Hürlimann}           
30    [35]  Le Colisée à Rome (2); {Himely}               
31    [42]  Monte-Mario (2); {Salathé}                   
32    [39]  Place du Peuple à Rome (2); {Martens}               
33    [40]  Port Ripetta à Rome (2); {Himely}               
34    [37]  Ste. Marie Majeure à Rome (2); {Price}           
35    [38]  Saint Pierre et le Fort Saint-Ange à Rome (2); {Weber}       
36    [41]  Temple de Vesta à Rome (2); {Martens}           
37    [43]  L'Arsenal à Venise (2); {Martens}               
38    [45]  Pont du Rialto à Venise (2); {Martens}               
39    [44]  Église Saint Marc à Venise (3 + 1 blank); {Hürlimann}       
40    [46]  Vue prise de la Piazetta à Venise (2); {Martens}           
41    [47]  Vue prise de l'Entrée du Grand Canal à Venise (2); {Martens}   
42    [48]  Vue prise du Clocher de St. Marc à Venise (2); {Salathé}       
43    [31]  Santa Maria della Spina à Pise (2); {Salathé}           
44    [30]  Le Duomo et la Tour Penchée à Pise (2); {Callow}       
45    [26]  Fort Neuf à Naples (2); {Paul Legrand}               
46    [27]  Le Môle à Naples (2); {Salathé}               
47    [25]  Place du Grand Duc à Florence (2); {Salathé}           
48    [28]  Temple de Cérès à Pestum (2); {Martens}          
49    [29]  Temple Hypèthre de Pestum (2); {Salathé}           
50    [52]  Vassili Blagennoï à Moscou (2); {Legrand}           
51    [53]  Vue du Kremlin à Moscou (2); {Hürlimann}           
52    [51]  Moscou (2); {Legrand}                   
53    [54]  Église de la Marine à Stockholm (2); {Hürlimann}           
54    [55]  Genève (4); {Bishop & Weber}                   
55    [57]  Beyrouth (2); {Martens}                   
56    [58]  Cimetière des Musulmans à Damas (2); {Weber}   
57    [50]  Jerusalem (2); {Salathé}                   
58    [60]  Nazareth (2); {Salathé}                  
59    [59]  St. Jean d'Acre (2); {Salathé}               
60    [56]  Temple du Soleil à Baalbec (2); {Salathé}

(¹) Text missing for this plate.

Collation for Volume II, with in square brackets the index numbers as per the list of illustrations, in brackets the number of textpages accompanying each plate and in braces the names of the engravers.

01    [01]  Vue d'Avignon (2) {Salathé}
02    [02]  La Porte taillée (2) {Riffaut}
03    [03]  Porte-noire de Besançon (2)  {Hürlimann}
04    [04]  Vue prise au-dessoux de Bordeaux (2) {Martens}  (²)
05    [05]  Eglise Sainte-Croix (3) {Himely}
06    [06]  Le Palais Galien (2) {Salathé}
07    [07]  Le Port des Quinconces (2) {Salathé}
08    [08]  La Cathédrale de Chartres (2) {Himely}
09    [09]  Fontainebleau (2) {Appert}
10    [10]  Le Pont du Gard (2) {Salathé}
11    [11]  Le Chateau Gaillard (2) {Deroy}
12    [12]  Grenoble (2) {Bichebois}
13    [13]  Chateua de Lesdiguières à Vizille (2) {Vaugel}
14    [14]  Eglise Métropolitaine de Saint-Jean (3) {Salathé}
15    [15]  L'Hotel de Ville de Lyon (3) {Salathé}
16    [16]  Lyon (2) {Salathé}
17    [---]  Pont de Nemours (2) {Arnout}
18    [17]  A propos d'une Vue prise à Bas-Meudon (2) {Daubigny}
19    [18]  Vue prise en Normandie (2) {Salathé}
20    [19]  L'Hotel-de-Ville de Paris (2) {Gravé par le procédé Fizeau}
21    [20]  Façade Méridionale de l'Eglise des Invalides (2) {Fichot}
22    [21]  Notre-Dame de Paris (2) {Petit}
23    [22]  (Portail de) Notre-Dame de Paris (2) {Hürlimann}
24    [23]  Notre-Dame (2) {Mignan}
----   [24]  Missing in this copy
25    [25]  Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile (4) {Hürlimann}
26    [26]  Le Chateau de Gaillon (2) {Hürlimann}
27    [27]  Le Jardin des Tuileries (2) {Webert}
28    [28]  Vue du Pavillon de Flore (2) {Himely}
29    [29]  Eglise de la Madeleine (2) {Appert}
30    [30]  Le Panthéon (4) {Martens}
31    [31]  Place de la Concorde (2) {Appert}
32    [32]  Porte de la Bibliothèque du Roi (2) {Himely}
33    [33]  Les Quais de Paris (3) {Martens}
34    [---]  Maison élevée à Paris (2) {Gravé par le procédé Fizeau}
35    [34]  La Métropole de Reims (2) {Webert}
36    [35]  Portail de Notre-Dame de Reims (2) {Hürlimann}
37    [36]  Saint-Jean-des-Vignes (2) {Vogel}
38    [37]  La Cathédrale de Strasbourg (2) {Cuvillier}
39    [38]  Tombeau de Pilate (2) {Himely}
40    [39]  Saint-Maurice de Vienne (2) {Vogel}
41    [40]  Chateau de Versailles (2) {Fichot}
42    [41]  La Cathédrale de Milan (2) {Deroy}
43    [42]  Vue pride de la Meta Sudante (2) {Salathé}
44    [43]  Vue prise du Campo Vaccino (2) {Appert}
45    [44]  Le Palais Ça-Doro (2) {Arnout}
46    [45]  Chateau Petrofski (2) {Hürlimann}
47    [46]  La Vallée de Saint-Gervais et le Bonnant (2) {Cicéri}
48    [47]  Vallée et Village de Saint-Gervais (2) {Salathé}
49    [48]  Chateau delle Torri (2) {Vogel}
50    [49]  Le Mont-Blanc (2) {Salathé}
51    [50]  Fribourg (2) {Arnout}
52    [51]  Le Salève (2) {Vogel}

(²) The only oval shaped view; see picture below.

The list of illustrations above is not in full accordance with the list of plates; missing is the Fizeau plate "Un Bas-relief de Notre-Dame", while there are two extra plates: "Pont de Nemours" and the rare Fizeau plate "Maison Élevée Rue St. Georges".

Here below the beginning of an interesting article written by Michèle Hannoosh, Professor of French, University of Michigan, as posted on the website of the British Library August 5th, 2015 (for the complete article please click the link at the bottom):

On 19 August 1839, the astronomer François Arago demonstrated to the French Academy the startling new photographic process invented by Louis Daguerre, by which an object was imprinted on a metal plate without human intervention, through the action of light alone. Within just a few weeks, budding daguerreotypists had learned the technique and set off to try their luck in far-flung destinations across Europe, Africa and the Near East.
This was no easy task: the travellers had to transport nearly 300 pounds of equipment, dangerous chemicals and inconvenient supplies; with no precedents to guide them in climates very different from that of Paris they had to experiment with lighting, aspect, exposure times, chemical combinations and conditions for developing the pictures; they often had nothing to show for their efforts but a blank plate. Where they succeeded, however, they produced the first photographic images ever made of these regions, having enormous historical and aesthetic importance, and inaugurated a practice which would forever alter the experience of travel.
But for the foresight of an enterprising Parisian optician and maker of scientific instruments named Noël-Paymal Lerebours, there would be little evidence of this pioneering photographic activity: the daguerreotype process does not allow the plate to be reproduced and few originals survive. Lerebours gathered together over a hundred of these daguerreotypes, had them traced and then engraved: the resulting Excursions daguerriennes: Vues et monuments les plus remarquables du globe (Paris, 1841-42; British Library 1899.ccc.18) was the first book to be illustrated from photographs. The images represented sites throughout Europe, from Russia and Sweden to Spain and Greece; around the Mediterranean from Algiers to Beirut; and further afield to the Americas.
Each image was accompanied by a text signed, in most cases, by a professional critic or man of letters. The photographers, on the other hand, are not indicated and most are therefore unknown.
There are two notable exceptions. Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, a Swiss-born Canadian seigneur who was in Paris en route to the Near East when Daguerre’s invention was announced, and Frédéric Goupil-Fesquet, a student of the French painter Horace Vernet whom he was preparing to accompany to Egypt and the Levant, both grasped the potential of the new process and quickly availed themselves of it. Joly left for Greece on 21 September 1839 and became the first person ever to photograph Athens; over the following eight months he took daguerreotypes of Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Cyprus, Rhodes, Istanbul, and Malta. Goupil-Fesquet left for Egypt with Vernet in October, taking a slightly different route through the Levant and back to France by way of Izmir and Rome. Both photographers kept journals of their travels and drew upon them for the texts that they wrote to accompany their images in Excursions daguerriennes. Joly contributed the chapters on the Parthenon, the Propylaeia, the temple at Philae, the Temple of the Sun at Baalbek and the Muslim cemetery at Damascus. Goupil-Fesquet produced those on Pompey’s Pillar, the harem of Mehmet Ali in Alexandria, Luxor, the Great Pyramid, Jerusalem, Beirut, Acre and Nazareth.

The first volume of this book, according to the title page, was printed by the firm of "Rittner et Goupil" and all plates bear the imprint of this company. In 1841 Henry Rittner had died and Goupil formed a new partnership with Théodor Vibert. From then on the company was named "Goupil et Vibert" and the plates in volume 2 bear the imprint of the new company.

Link: http://blogs.bl.uk/european/2015/08/daguerrean-excursions.html

Click on a picture to enlarge.




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